Autism is not a disease
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a specific condition with brain development that affects how a child perceives and relates to the world.
Children may have difficulties in social interaction and communication.
A Disorder happens when health is altered but not associated with a disease. It is usually linked to mental health and involves cases related to the brain. The term is used to describe psychological and mental abnormalities or impairments. Examples include Bipolar Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Anxious Disorder.
Why is autism considered a disorder?
According to the latest Mental Disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V), Autism Spectrum Disorder "is defined by the presence of persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction in multiple contexts."
In addition, these children have restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior. Therefore, they have unusual sensory behaviors, restricted, fixed, and intense interests.
In everyday life, these changes and situations generate fear, anxiety, irritability, and can cause seizures and crying. Thus, autism does not fit the definition of disease but is considered a disorder that can be improved and treated so that the child can adapt to social life and general activities.
To improve the quality of life and social interaction, the most advised therapies are those that promote behavior monitoring and try to improve communication pathways.
Of course, the sooner
the treatment is detected and started, the better, because the brain of the
younger child is better able to make more neuronal connections. Thus, the
greater will be the progress in affective relationships and daily activities.