How depression differs between men and woman?
Men and women can experience depression in different ways, and although they also share many common signs and symptoms, a better understanding of the differences may help those who suffer from depression.
Women have about twice the risk of developing the condition as men. This is due, in part, to biological reasons, such as hormones and genes.
Check other differences:
- Women tend to be more tuned into their emotions, and better able to talk about the subject or describe their feelings when depressed. Men might not recognize their symptoms as depression, perhaps denying or hiding their unhappiness or frustration, so illness might get overlooked in men until it becomes severe or seriously compromising health.
- Men may drink heavily or turn to illegal drugs to medicate themselves prior to the onset of depression, and this is particularly true of teenage boys. In women, substance abuse tends to occur after the onset of depression, or as anxiety levels increase.
- Depression and eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia, often go hand in hand. Depression is also much more likely to occur at the same time as an anxiety disorder in women, such as panic disorder or obsessive-compulsive behavior.
- Women may be more likely to become depressed in response to a stressful event. Some evidence suggests that when women experience stressful situations, such as a death in the family, a difficult relationship or losing a job, they tend to respond in a way that prolongs their feelings of stress more so than men do. This may be because of interactions among stress hormones, female reproductive hormones and mood-regulating neurotransmitters.
(Source: "Sex Differences in Impact of Depression on Brain Aging", Jill Goldstein).